Have you been recently blindsided by the classic ltl freight re-weight? You’re not alone. Just to be clear, transportation costs are derived by the greater of the actual gross weight of a shipment and its comparative dimensional weight.
Dimensional weight is calculated by multiplying its’ length, width, height and dividing the result by a factor of 1728 if the dimensions are in inches, which would provide the cubic foot equivalent. A standard ground density factor for LTL is 10 lbs. per cubic foot. You would then multiply that result by ten, which would provide the shipment’s cubic dimensional weight, which you would then compare to its actual gross weight; the heavier of the two results would be used to calculate your rate.
Transportation charges for heavy items are usually calculated by their gross weight. Light items are determined by their dimensional weight since their dimensional weight is usually larger than their actual weight. Carriers re-weigh items, typically at the start of the journey. The re-weight is used to ensure that once the trailer is full, it’s legal in terms of its’ total weight and does not tip the imposed weight restriction of 45,000 lbs. for a tandem trailer on most highways today.
Shippers who provide estimated weights and dimensions could find themselves having their shipments re-weighed for greater accuracy. The carrier will then increase the charges on the shipment and might even do so at a non-discounted rate. By the way, LTL re-weighs are the most common issues facing shippers today.
To avoid a shipment re-weigh, think of the following as you get your shipment ready:Include the weight of the skid on your bill of lading. A standard pallet usually weighs 40 lbs.
Your indicated weight and dimensions on the BOL should be accurate and not estimated.
If you do get a ltl freight re-weight, and are convinced that it’s an error, get a hold of the manufacturer’s documentation proving otherwise. This usually can stop a re-weight right in its tracks.
Additional freight adjustments due to accessorial charges that you could face are:
Oversize charge: All shipments that exceed 12 feet in length are applied this charge unless you have had your carrier factor in this charge in advance in your quote.
Hydraulic lift gate charge: If the shipper or consignee does not have a loading dock, and your shipment exceeds 100 lbs or 72 inches in height, you will be subject to a HLGC – so be informed.
Residential charge: This charge is applied to any pickup or delivery to a residence or even to a firm that operates out of a residence in a residential neighborhood.
Limited access charge: Shipments to or from a limited access area will be subject to this extra charge. Some examples are: camps, places of worship, educational institutions, construction sites, fairs and carnivals, individual/mini storage units, military bases/installations, mine sites, some government facilities, schools, businesses located outside city limits, rural locations and farms.
BOL charge: Any changes to a bill of lading such as changing the address, piece count, dimensions, weight, description, can result in this extra charge.
Third party logistics experts like Skyfer Logistic can provide the best transportation management option, and consult on finding the correct classification and NMFC number for your shipments. This can significantly improve efficiencies and the bottom line, while being an advocate for the client with regards to the carrier in working with both parties toward finding viable solutions to common daily issues.